Zone Map 3-8

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Warm Growth Cycle - Warm Warm
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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  • Native to North America
  • Notable Fall Color
  • Drought Tolerant
  • Erosion control
  • Meadow/Prairie Plantings


  • Growth rate: medium-fast
  • Grow in 1, 2 or 3 gallon containers; can be grown in larger sizes, if needed
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Water needs: keep evenly moist; avoid overwatering
  • Fertilizing: use a slow release, slow- to medium-rate fertilizer; avoid over fertilizing, which can cause weak growth, flopping, and reduced resistance to pests
  • Possible pests: aphids, leaf spot, spidermites, rust
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly, keep dry; can overwinter outdoors but water levels must be monitored

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Excellent plant for meadows and native gardens
  • Extremely drought tolerant
  • Beautiful fall color; provides winter interest
  • Useful for areas with infertile, inhospitable soil
  • Hardy to Zone 3
  • Provides benefits for birds, butterflies, and native bees
  • Requires very little maintenance in the landscape (cut back in spring before new growth appears)

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