Zone Map 5-9

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Warm Growth Cycle - Warm Warm
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Early Fall


  • Native to North America
  • Thrives in wet areas
  • Bioretention/Rain Gardens
  • Bioswales/Vegetated swales


  • Growth rate: fast
  • Grow in 2-3 gallon containers (larger is better)
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Water needs: keep evenly moist
  • Fertilizing: use a slow release, medium-rate fertilizer
  • Possible pests: leaf spot (has no major pests)
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly, do not overwater
  • This native can flop if over fertilized or over watered

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Native grass that prefers moist soil
  • Good choice for the edges of marshes and moist meadows
  • Use to beautify damp, low-lying areas
  • Unique seed heads are beautiful in fresh and dried flower arrangements
  • A spectacular look, especially when seed heads are backlit by the sun
  • Good ornamental interest throughout winter

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