Zone Map 3-8

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Cool Growth Cycle - Cool Cool
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Early Spring


  • Native to North America
  • Thrives in wet areas
  • Drought Tolerant
  • Shade Tolerant
  • Bioretention/Rain Gardens
  • Bioswales/Vegetated swales
  • Meadow/Prairie Plantings


  • Growth rate: fast
  • Can be grown in 1, 2 or 3 gallon
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Watering: keep evenly moist
  • Fertilizing: slow-release fertilizer, low-medium rate
  • Grows rapidly; will probably require cutting back (responds well to being cut back)
  • Possible pests: no major pests
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly, do not overwater

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Native to North America
  • Use in bioretention projects
  • Good for ditches and wet areas
  • Include in meadow plantings
  • Good bank stabilizer
  • Adapts to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions
  • Long-lived, sod-forming plant; can spread rapidly under ideal conditions
  • Drought tolerant once established

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