Zone Map 3-8

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Cool Growth Cycle - Cool Cool
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Late Spring


  • Native to North America
  • Thrives in wet areas
  • Shade Tolerant
  • Bioretention/Rain Gardens
  • Bioswales/Vegetated swales
  • Meadow/Prairie Plantings


  • Growth rate: medium-fast (strong grower)
  • Can be grown in 1, 2 or 3 gallon
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Watering: keep evenly moist
  • Fertilizing: slow-release fertilizer, low-medium rate
  • Appears to be an easy grower with few problems
  • Possible pests: no major pests
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly, do not overwater

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Tolerates fluctuating water conditions
  • Attractive plant for use in rain gardens and bioretention ponds
  • Good plant for ditches and moist, abandoned areas
  • Use on the shorelines of ponds and other bodies of water
  • Tolerates shade
  • Can grow in average garden soil (will not gain its full height)
  • Interesting, hanging seed heads form in spring

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