Zone Map 3-8

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Cool Growth Cycle - Cool Cool
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Late Spring


  • Native to North America
  • Thrives in wet areas
  • Shade Tolerant
  • Bioswales/Vegetated swales
  • Meadow/Prairie Plantings


  • Growth rate: fast
  • Can be grown in 1, 2 or 3 gallon
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Watering: keep evenly moist
  • Fertilizing: slow-release fertilizer, low-medium rate
  • Possible pests: no major pests, possible slugs
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly, do not overwater; can be overwintered outside

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Tolerates part shade and sun
  • Good for naturalizing and restoration projects
  • Use in wet areas and ditches
  • Tolerates temporary flooding
  • Use at edges of ponds or other bodies of water or streams
  • Deer resistant
  • Important food source for gamebirds, waterfowl, and songbirds

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