Zone Map 5-9

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Cool Growth Cycle - Cool Cool
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Late Spring


  • Shade Tolerant


  • Growth rate: slow-medium
  • Grow in 1 or 2 gallon containers (larger sizes will take a while to fill out)
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Water needs: keep evenly moist; avoid keeping plants wet
  • Fertilizing: use a slow release, low-rate fertilizer
  • Possible pests: Bactra venosana caterpillar, fungus gnat larvae, thrips, susceptible to root rot diseases such as Rhizoctonia and Phythium
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly; this plant is very sensitive to overwatering—do not overwater

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Bright white margins glow in shade gardens
  • A hearty, full plant that performs well in containers
  • Contrasts beautifully with broad-leaved shade plants and ferns
  • Spreads slowly to form a lush, graceful groundcover
  • Evergreen in mild areas; semi-evergreen in cold areas

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