Zone Map 3-9

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Cool Growth Cycle - Cool Cool
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Late Spring, Early Fall


  • Native to North America
  • Thrives in wet areas
  • Shade Tolerant
  • Bioretention/Rain Gardens
  • Bioswales/Vegetated swales


  • Growth rate: medium
  • Grow in 1 or 2-gallon containers. Larger sizes will take a long time to fill out.
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Water needs: keep evenly moist; can tolerate moist soil
  • Fertilizing: use a slow release, medium-rate fertilizer
  • Possible pests: aphids
  • Overwintering: no special overwintering needs

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Attractive narrow, pin wheel, palm-like foliage
  • Grows well in moist conditions but will adapt to regular garden soil
  • In optimal conditions, it can spread to form a tall groundcover
  • Hardy to zone 4
  • Grows in light shade and can grow in sun with adequate moisture
  • Although not showy, seed heads add interest
  • Mixes well with Juncus and Acorus
  • In the landscape, cut back in early spring before new growth emerges

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