Zone Map 3-9

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Cool Growth Cycle - Cool Cool
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Late Spring


  • Native to North America
  • Drought Tolerant
  • Shade Tolerant
  • Bioretention/Rain Gardens
  • Lawn Alternatives


  • Growth rate: slow-medium
  • Can be grown in 1, or 2 gallon (3 gallon with time)
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Watering: keep evenly moist
  • Fertilizing: slow-release fertilizer, low-medium rate
  • Possible pests: no major pests
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly, do not overwater

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Spreads by rhizomes and may naturalize
  • Good for difficult areas—tolerates both wet and dry soil
  • Useful for dry or wet shade
  • Can make a low-growing groundcover
  • Also suitable for filler in container plantings
  • Forms thick clumps of deep green foliage
  • Fine-textured foliage contrasts with coarse, interesting seedheads
  • Good addition to woodland settings

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