Zone Map 4-8

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Cool Growth Cycle - Cool Cool
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Late Spring


  • Native to North America
  • Thrives in wet areas
  • Shade Tolerant
  • Bioretention/Rain Gardens
  • Bioswales/Vegetated swales


  • Growth rate: fast
  • Can be grown in 1, 2 or 3 gallon
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Watering: keep evenly moist
  • Fertilizing: slow-release fertilizer, low-medium rate
  • Possible pests: no major pests
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly, do not overwater; can be overwintered outdoors

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Tolerates shade and sun
  • Add to meadow plantings, ditches, wet areas
  • Spreads by rhizomes
  • Good for naturalizing and restoration projects
  • Interesting, green, bristly seed heads in spring last all season
  • Attractive, vase-shaped habit
  • Bristly seed heads rise just above narrow foliage
  • Seed heads are beautiful in flower arrangements

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