Zone Map 4-8

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Cool Growth Cycle - Cool Cool
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Late Spring


  • Native to North America
  • Thrives in wet areas
  • Shade Tolerant
  • Bioretention/Rain Gardens
  • Bioswales/Vegetated swales


  • Growth rate: medium
  • Can be grown in 1, 2 or 3-gallon containers
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Watering: keep evenly moist; prefers moist soil; do not allow to dry out
  • Fertilizing: slow-release, low-medium rate fertilizer; avoid over fertilizing
  • Possible pests: aphids
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly; do not overwater; can overwinter outside if protected from cold

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Narrow foliage interesting in mass plantings
  • Beautiful addition to woodland settings
  • Clumping habit and willowy texture contrasts with broad-leaved shade plants
  • Good for areas with intermittent inundations
  • Use as ground cover in shady locations
  • May form large expanses in optimum conditions

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