Zone Map 4-9

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Cool Growth Cycle - Cool Cool
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Early Summer


  • Native to North America
  • Shade Tolerant


  • Growth rate: medium-fast
  • Can be grown in 1, 2 or 3 gallon
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Watering: keep evenly moist; likes a lot of water once established
  • Fertilizing: slow-release fertilizer, medium rate
  • Possible pests: aphids, spittlebugs, rust
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly, do not overwater
  • Responds well to cutting back; grows back quickly

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Unique gold-toned blooms in billowy masses
  • Slightly shorter than the species; good for smaller spaces
  • Performs best and blooms most profusely in cooler climates
  • Blooms persist into the winter months adding interest to the landscape
  • Well-suited for mass plantings, meadows, foreground plantings, and borders
  • May be partially evergreen in optimal conditions

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