Zone Map 3-9

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Cool Growth Cycle - Cool Cool
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Late Spring


  • Native to North America
  • Drought Tolerant
  • Shade Tolerant
  • Bioretention/Rain Gardens
  • Erosion control


  • Growth rate: fast
  • Can be grown in 1, 2 or 3 gallon
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Watering: keep evenly moist
  • Fertilizing: slow-release fertilizer, medium rate
  • Grows rapidly; will probably require cutting back (responds well to being cut back)
  • Possible pests: we have seen no major pests
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly, do not overwater

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Hardy to zone 3
  • Interesting leaves at right angles
  • Use in bioretention projects
  • Good for ditches
  • Include in meadow plantings
  • Good plant for rain gardens—adapts to intermittent dry areas
  • Use on moist banks and slopes
  • Will reseed

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