Zone Map 4-7

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Warm Growth Cycle - Warm Warm
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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  • Outstanding in Container
  • Shade Tolerant


  • Growth rate: slow
  • Grow in 1 or 2 gallon sizes (can be grown in larger sizes, but it will take some time to finish)
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Water needs: keep moist, but not wet; water early in the day
  • Fertilizing: use a slow-release fertilizer; can be salt sensitive, so use low or sensitive rate
  • Possible pests: leaf spot (scout diligently), spidermites
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly; do not overwater
  • Needs good air circulation
  • 50% shade is a must in the South, possibly less shade in the North

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Beautiful in containers and special urns
  • Use as accent or in mass plantings
  • Plant close together to form a spectacular ground cover
  • Brightens shady areas with luxurious, brilliant color
  • Extremely decorative, refined and elegant
  • Great for woodland gardens and a natural for Japanese-style gardens
  • 2009 Perennial Plant of the Year

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