Zone Map 2-10

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle N/A
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Late Spring


  • Native to North America
  • Thrives in wet areas
  • Shade Tolerant
  • Lawn Alternatives


  • Growth rate: slow-medium
  • Grow in 1 or 2 gallon containers
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Water needs: keep evenly moist
  • Fertilizing: use a slow release, low-rate fertilizer
  • Possible pests: aphids
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly, keep dry

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Very cold hardy (to zone 2)
  • Grows in varied lighting conditions from sun to part shade
  • Successful in average to wet soil
  • Use as a groundcover (it will self sow and spread)
  • Undemanding and easy
  • Soft to the touch
  • Though not showy, seed heads add character and texture in the landscape
  • Low maintenance—good for sustainable landscapes

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