Zone Map 4-9

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Warm Growth Cycle - Warm Warm
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Early Spring


  • Native to North America
  • Thrives in wet areas
  • Bioretention/Rain Gardens
  • Bioswales/Vegetated swales


  • Growth rate: medium-fast
  • Grow in 1, 2, or 3-gallon containers; can be grown in large pots
  • Water needs: keep evenly moist; apply more water once established
  • Fertilizing: use a slow release, medium-rate fertilizer
  • Possible pests: no significant pests
  • Overwintering: no special needs

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Excellent native for wetland restoration
  • Spreads quickly by rhizomes to stabilize soil and limit erosion
  • Use around ponds, along stream banks and in marshes
  • Provides good cover for wildlife year round
  • Seed and stems give food and nesting materials to waterfowl
  • Best suited for large areas because of its spreading characteristic
  • One of the tallest grasses of the original tallgrass prairie—naturally grows in wet, low areas

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