Zone Map 4-9

Growth Cycle

Growth Cycle - Warm Growth Cycle - Warm Warm
Bloom: Bloom Season Scale
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Late Summer


  • Native to North America
  • Notable Fall Color
  • Drought Tolerant
  • Erosion control
  • Green Roofs
  • Lawn Alternatives
  • Meadow/Prairie Plantings


  • Growth rate: slow-medium (slower than species)
  • Grow in 1, 2 or 3 gallon containers
  • Grow in well-drained soil
  • Watering: keep dry to moist; do not overwater
  • Fertilizing: use a slow release, low-medium rate fertilizer; can be salt sensitive
  • Possible pests: aphids
  • Overwintering: cold frame with clear poly; do not overwater
  • Responds well to pruning

*Note: please adapt these suggestions as needed to accommodate your local conditions.


  • Attractive, drought tolerant, North American native
  • Smaller, more upright, and more uniform than the species
  • Beautiful golden, fall color
  • Tolerates a wide range of soils, including clay
  • Thrives in hot, dry areas
  • Use in prairies, meadows, native plant gardens, slopes, rock gardens
  • Provides winter interest in the landscape
  • Low maintenance and deer resistant
  • Produces more blooms than the species, in a more consistent height

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